Child labour- The most important social stigma of India

A little about child labour which is increasingly going up however we are unable to block this part yet.

Child Labour: A Curse to the Future Generation

The term 'Child' generally means a minor or a person younger than the age of maturity. It refers to a period of life, which is very crucial and vulnerable in an individual's life. Childhood is also often regarded as the golden period in a person's life.
'Labour' generally means a kind of work, which may be paid or forced. Forced labour is often regarded as a crime. It is also sometimes regarded as bonded labour. Labour is an agreement in which a worker sells his or her skills and the employer buys it. In a positive sense of term labour is very important in individual's life without which no one can attain success in life.
So, both these words are of utmost significance in an individual's life. But the simple fusion of these above mentioned words (child and labour) leads to the formation of a lethal expression 'Child Labour'', which not only deprives many children of their basic rights and privileges but also proves fatal in many cases besides hindering the country's social and economic development. Child labour refers to the employment of children and sustained labour usually with very minimal or no payment at all. This practice is considered exploitative and inhuman by many international organizations and has also been declared illegal in many countries by the respective governments. According to international standards, an employer is not permitted to hire a child below a certain minimum age. The minimum age and te type of the work involved vary from country to country.
Child labour is very much prevalent in many parts of the world; it can be factory work, mining, agriculture and in the form of domestic help. Some children are also forced to do tedious and repetitive jobs such as assembling boxes, polishing shoes, stocking a store's products or cleaning the shop. Many surveys have revealed that about ninety percent of the child labour occurs in the informal sectors which are usually not governed by any law or organization.
The main cause for child labour is poverty. Most of the children are compelled or forced to go out in search of work in order to contribute to the meagre family income, which is insufficient for survival. Another reason for the widespread existence of child labour is that they are economical and hassle free. There have been numerous efforts in India to eradicate and minimize child labour. A National Policy against child labour was formulated in 1987 to focus on rehabilitating children working in hazardous occupations.
Even after the vigilant and planned efforts of these organizations, child labour still continues to haunt many sections of the society. The main causes of the unsuccessfulness of these organizations is that almost all the activities involving child labour are usually far from the reach of officials like labour inspectors and from media scrutinity. Most of these child labour incidents do not usually come to light. The International Labour Organization (ILO) has chosen 12th June as the World Day Against Child Labour or Anti Child Labour Day for the purpose of raising worldwide awareness and activism to prevent child labour.
Hence, let us not allow these two valuable words to fuse and form a hateful expression, which is a nightmare to all the new born. Let us not allow child labour to become a cursr for our future generations and a hindrance to the country's economic and social development.
AN APPEAL- "Let us all join hands and take a pledge to start a new revolution aimed solely towards the eradication and removal of an inhuman and illegal social evil-'Child Labour'. Save our future generation from the handcuffs of this social evil and help in the development of our Nation".



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